- by Dr Mini Ajitha
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- Apr 21 2017
What are Mouth Ulcers
Mouth ulcers last only for about a week or two and they are not contagious. But if it is big or very painful or it persists for a long period of time then you need to get yourself some medical help.
What provokes mouth ulcers?
There is no particular cause behind mouth ulcers. But, certain factors and stimulants have been recognized. These include:
- Minor injuries in the mouth from any kind of dental treatment, accidental bite, sports injury or tooth brush trauma.
- Mouthwash or tooth pastes that may contain sodium lauryl sulfate.
- Sensitivity to some kinds of food which are acidic like: pineapples, citrus, strawberries and other stimulating foods like coffee and chocolate.
- Deficiency of important vitamins like: iron, B-12, folate or zinc.
- Allergic Reaction to mouth bacteria
- Dental Braces
- Hormonal changes in females
- Lack of sleep or emotional stress
- Viral, fungal or bacterial infections
Mouth ulcers also can be an indication of health conditions that are very serious and need medical treatment, such as:
- Celiac Disease (condition of gluten intolerance by the body)
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Diabetes mellitus
- Behcet’s Disease (a condition that causes inflammation of the whole body)
- Due to some malfunction in the immune system that due to which your body attack the healthy mouth cells instead of bacteria and viruses
There are 3 types of mouth ulcers:
Minor mouth ulcers are round ulcers or small oval that heal within 1 to 2 weeks and leave no scars.
Major mouth ulcers are deeper and larger than minor mouth ulcers.
The edges of these ulcers are irregular and may take about 6 weeks to heal and they may have scars which last long
Herpetiform blisters are very tiny the size of a pinpoint, appear in group of 10 to 100 and frequently influence grown-ups. This type of a mouth ulcer has irregular edges and will often heal without scarring within one or two weeks.The edges of these ulcers are irregular and will heal in 1 or 2 weeks without any scarring.
Your physician will be able to identify mouth ulcers through a visual examination. If you’re having regular, intense mouth ulcers, you might be tested for other medical conditions.
Most mouth ulcers don’t require treatment. But, if you get mouth ulcers frequently or they’re very painful, a number of treatments can reduce the pain and healing time. Your doctor will recommend some precautions and prescribe relevant medication depending on the severity of the ulcers.
You can take measures to avoid the appearance of the mouth ulcers. Try and avoid acidic foods that trigger the occurrence of ulcers. Take a vitamin supplement with your doctor’s advice and stick to a good oral hygiene and a healthy diet. Make changes in your lifestyle if needed as it might be one of the cause for the ulcers.
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