What Is Frozen Shoulder?
Bangalore Baptist Hospital
Hebbal, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
Frozen shoulder refers to a shoulder joint with significant loss of its range of motion in all directions. Frozen shoulder is the result of inflammation, scarring, thickening, and shrinkage of the capsule that surrounds the normal shoulder joint.
Any injury to the shoulder can lead to a frozen shoulder, including tendinitis, bursitis, and rotator cuff injury (rotator cuff syndrome). Frozen shoulder occurs more frequently in patients with risk factors of diabetes, chronic inflammatory arthritis of the shoulder, or after chest or breast surgery.
How Is A Frozen Shoulder Diagnosed?
Conditions involving the shoulder can be diagnosed with the history, examination, blood tests, and X-ray of the shoulder. If necessary an X-ray called arthrography and MRI scan is also taken.
What Is The Treatment For A Frozen Shoulder?
Aggressive combination of anti-inflammatory medication and physical therapy (physiotherapy) is required to treat frozen shoulder. Physical therapy is often essential for recovery and can include ultrasound, range-of-motion exercise maneuvers, stretching, ice packs, and eventually strengthening exercises.Physical therapy can take weeks to months for recovery, depending on the severity of the scarring of the tissues around the shoulder and the patient’s compliance.
Patients with resistant frozen shoulders can be considered for release of the scar tissue by arthroscopic surgery or manipulation of the scarred shoulder under anesthesia,.
Can Frozen Shoulder Be Prevented?
Prevention of a frozen shoulder involves avoiding injury or re-injury to the shoulder and regular exercises.