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- Mar 02 2017
Urinary tract infection in women
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usually caused by bacteria and are over 50 percent more common among women than men. More than 50 percent of women have the risk of at least one UTI during their lifetime. Most of these infections are treated with antibiotics. One major factor is that a woman’s urethra is shorter in path, making it quicker for bacteria to access the bladder. Also, a woman’s urethral opening is located near sources of bacteria, from the anus and vagina.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of UTIs include:
Pain or burning feel during urination
The urge to urinate more often than usual
Blood or pus in the urine
Cramps or pain in the lower abdomen
Chills or fever (mostly seen in infants and children)
Strong foul smelling urine
Pain during sexual intercourse
Nausea, vomiting, and malaise
What Causes It?
Risk factors include:
More frequent or intense intercourse
A new sex partner or multiple partners
Escherichia coli (E. coli)
Use of irritating products such as harsh skin cleansers
Use of irritating contraceptives, like diaphragms and spermicides
Use of birth control pills
Heavy use of antibiotics
A blockage in the urinary tract (benign masses or tumors)
Earlier UTIs, usually if infections are less than 6 months apart
Diagnosis for UTI
Doctors physically examinethe abdomen and kidneys for changes and opt for tests, such as a urine culture, to find out a UTI. In case the usual treatments do not work, doctors may explore the possibility of some other prevailing condition. Other possibilities, such as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), can cause symptoms that may appear to be a UTI.
In case of bacterial UTIs, doctors may prescribe antibiotics or other drugs to treat UTIs. The usual course for most antibiotics is 7 - 10 days, though shorter course options of treatment are there, but less recommended.
Complementary and Alternative Therapies
Some complementary and alternative, CAM, therapies are used for UTIs, but they may not suit for every person. Natural medicines (homeopathy, herbs, etc.) and supplements(multivits,probiotics, etc.) may interact with prescriped medications.
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