- by Specialist Hospital
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- Feb 25 2017
URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN MEN (UTI)
A urinary tract infection, UTI, is caused by microorganisms or bacteria that get inside urinary tract. Most bacteria that enter your urinary tract are drained out when we urinate due to body’s inbuilt safety measures. If the bacteria stays in the urinary tract it can lead to infection. The urinary tract includes ureters, kidneys, bladder and urethra. Urine is extracted from bloodstream in kidneys and it flows through the ureters down into the bladder. Urine is expelled from the bladder through the urethra. A UTI is more common in the lower urinary tract that includes the bladder and urethra.
What are the symptoms of a UTI?
- Urinating more often or having to wake up from sleep to urinate
- Pain or burning while urinating
- Pain or pressure in your lower abdomen
- Foul smelling urine
- Leaking urine
How is a UTI diagnosed?
In men the prostate gland is just underneath the bladder. If the prostate gets enlarged, this may affect how well the bladder expells the urine.An enlarged prostate may prevent the bladder from emptying properly. Some urine may stay in the bladder. Germs or bacteria are more likely to growand multiply and cause infection in a stagnant urine.
Urine tests: A sample of urine is collected and sent to a lab for tests to learn what germ is causing the infection.
Blood tests: Done to check if there is a prostate infection.
Imaging tests :If the UTI does not get better another UTI occurs. Imaging tests are pictures of the urinary tract that may show if the infection is in kidneys. These tests may also show if there is damage, blockages or other problems in urinary tract. A dye may be given orally before the tests are done to help doctors see the pictures better.
How is a UTI treated?
Antibiotics: In case the UTI is caused by bacteria the antibiotics are given.
Medicines to decrease pain and burning sensation while urinating may be given. They also help to decrease the feeling to urinate often. These medicines usually make urine orange or red.
What are the risks of a UTI?
If antibiotics are taken for a long time, bacteria in the body can become resistant to them. That makes such bacteria very hard to kill. Even having taken medicine to treat the UTI, the infection may come back. Without proper treatment, the infection and symptoms may get even worse. The bacteria may reach kidneys and cause pyelonephritis. It can be a very serious condition and you may even require better treatment in the hospital. The infection further can spread to the blood as well which can be life threatening.
What increases risk of a UTI?
- Incontinence or stopping the urine
- Blocked urine flow, sometimes due to prostate or UT stones
- Not being circumcised
- Previous urinary tract surgery
How to prevent a UTI?
Urinate whenever there is slightest urge. Do not hold urine.
Drink plenty of liquids. This helps urinate more often. Select the quantity needed from person to person and the types of drinks that should be taken to increase urination.
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