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Tips For Preventing Heart Disease

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  Hbr layout, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   7 min     

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Any disease related to heart is a debilitating condition. The term "heart disease" is often used interchangeably with the term "cardiovascular disease." This is being one of the leading causes of today’s death. Certain risk factors make individuals to have these heart diseases. We can categorize these risk factors into two such as modifiable that you can control and non-modifiable as that you cannot control. For any factor, we have a good and bad side. The good news is that your heart health can be influenced by your choice of lifestyle such as eating healthily, smoking cessation, blood pressure, exercise, diabetes, and stress. Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices. By having a look at these you could greatly reduce the risk of heart disease. The medicine for heart attack prevention is-

1. Quit Smoking

Quit smoking is one of the most critical steps that one should take to lower heart disease risk. This is one of the major risk factors for heart diseases like heart attack, stroke, and coronary heart disease. The arteries will be filled with a fatty deposit or may be called a plaque that will make your arteries to harden. And this condition can be called as atherosclerosis. Smoking will reduce the good cholesterol amount and will raise the blood pressure that causes stress on the arteries.

In certain places, smoking reduction programs have been conducted. Studies say that in those places there is a decrease of hospitalizations in case of heart disease. You can see the changes and effects that happen due to quitting smoking very soon. You will find your blood pressure will decrease than before, you will have increased blood circulation and also your oxygen supply will also increase. You will find that your energy level will boost up and you can make out your exercise easier.

2. Nutrition and diet

Proper nutrition and diet is very important and plays a major role to prevent heart disease. It is found that while keeping a diet of raw fruits, omega 3 fatty acids, vegetables, and whole grains there is less chance for heart disease. For a healthy diet, you need to limit or avoid certain kind of foods that will cause and worsen heart disease. The foods that are high in salt and sugar, alcohol, and other foods that are with hydrogenated vegetable oil.

3. Managing Diabetes

Diabetes can be mentioned as one of the killing factors for heart disease. When diabetes is left untreated there can be harmful effects on our body that leads to stroke, artery disease and more. It is wise to manage the condition for not getting heart disease if you are suffering from diabetes. You may need regular checkups with your doctor as prevention and so having a healthy diet and exercise along with it. You can also manage diabetes with medications like yoga in some cases.

4. Manage Stress

Stress is also an important issue in making your heart in worse condition. It affects in different ways. It can cause sleeplessness, headaches, pain, and tiredness also. Chronic stress will make your heart work hard. If at all you have any other heart disease, this stress is pretty much enough to worsen the condition. You may spend more time with your friends and family and let go off the worries so that it may contribute much healthier and relaxed and calm lifestyle for you.

Heart disease causes and prevention

Before we look at the causes we must know how the heart works:

Your heart is a pump. It's a muscular organ about the size of your fist, situated slightly left of center in your chest. Your heart is divided into the right and the left side. The division prevents oxygen-rich blood from mixing with oxygen-poor blood. Oxygen-poor blood returns to the heart after circulating through your body.

  • The right side of the heart, comprising the right atrium and ventricle, collects and pumps blood to the lungs through the pulmonary arteries.

  • The lungs refresh the blood with a new supply of oxygen. The lungs also breathe out carbon dioxide, a waste product.

  • The oxygen-rich blood then enters the left side of the heart, comprising the left atrium and ventricle.

  • The left side of the heart pumps blood through the aorta to supply tissues throughout the body with oxygen and nutrients.

The causes of heart disease vary by type of heart disease-

  • Causes of cardiovascular disease: Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by correctable problems, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking.
  • Causes of a heart arrhythmia: Common causes of abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) or conditions that can lead to arrhythmias include:
    • Heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects)
    • Coronary artery disease
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Smoking
  • Causes of congenital heart defects: Congenital heart defects usually develop while a baby is in the womb. Heart defects can develop as the heart develops, about a month after conception, changing the flow of blood in the heart. Some medical conditions, medications, and genes may play a role in causing heart defects.
  • Causes of cardiomyopathy: The cause of cardiomyopathy, a thickening or enlarging of the heart muscle, may depend on the type Dilated cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and Restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Causes of heart infection: A heart infection, such as endocarditis, is caused when an irritant, such as a bacterium, virus or chemical, reaches your heart muscle.
  • Causes of valvular heart disease: There are many causes of diseases of your heart valves. You may be born with valvular disease, or the valves may be damaged by conditions such as rheumatic fever, connective tissue disorders, and Infections (infectious endocarditis).

Heart attack prevention diet- How much you eat is just as important as what you eat. Overloading your plate, taking seconds and eating until you feel stuffed can lead to eating more calories than you should.

  1. Eat more vegetables and fruits: Vegetables and fruits are good sources of vitamins and minerals. Vegetables and fruits are also low in calories and rich in dietary fiber. Vegetables and fruits, like other plants or plant-based foods, contain substances that may help prevent cardiovascular disease

  2. Select whole grains: Whole grains are good sources of fiber and other nutrients that play a role in regulating blood pressure and heart health. You can increase the number of whole grains in a heart-healthy diet by making simple substitutions for refined grain products. 

  3. Limit unhealthy fats: Limiting how much saturated and trans fats you eat is an important step to reduce your blood cholesterol and lower your risk of coronary artery disease. A high blood cholesterol level can lead to a buildup of plaques in your arteries, called atherosclerosis, which can increase your risk of heart attack and stroke.

  4. Reduce the sodium in your food: Eating a lot of sodium can contribute to high blood pressure, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Reducing sodium is an important part of a heart-healthy diet.

  5. Choose low-fat protein sources: Lean meat, poultry and fish, low-fat dairy products, and eggs are some of your best sources of protein. But be careful to choose lower-fat options, such as skim milk rather than whole milk and skinless chicken breasts rather than fried chicken patties.

Heart disease symptoms treatment and prevention are listed above and should be followed-

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a condition in which the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating. If this happens, blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. SCA usually causes death if it's not treated within minutes. The sudden heart attack prevention is If you've already had SCA, you're at high risk of having it again. Research shows that an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) reduces the chances of dying from a second SCA. ICD is surgically placed under the skin in your chest or abdomen. The device has wires with electrodes on the ends that connect to your heart's chambers. The ICD monitors your heartbeat. If the ICD detects a dangerous heart rhythm, it gives an electric shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm. Your doctor may give you medicine to limit irregular heartbeats that can trigger the ICD.

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