Things to Keep In Mind To Ensure Proper Baby Skin Care
Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
A newborn baby's skin is nothing like that of an adult's. It must be treated with utmost care and affection. It is delicate and easily prone to damage.
Here are a few things that parents should keep in mind to ensure soft and beautiful baby skin-
When a baby is born, its skin has a protective covering called vernix that peels off on its own within the first week. Although it might feel wrinkly and dry, there is no need to try and rub it off or treat it with creams.
In the initial months, don't subject the baby to a lot of cleaning. Focus more on the mouth and diaper areas as these are the parts that tend to get messy. In the initial month, a sponge bath thrice or four times a week is sufficient.
When cleaning the diaper area, parents could avoid using baby wipes, as the alcohol or perfume in it might dry out the baby's skin and leave it with no proper moisturization.
While wiping the baby's body, all the parents need to do is dab the areas sry with soft, dry cloth. Do not rub the wet areas dry.
Parents need not bathe their newborns on a daily basis. Since the newborn's skin produces natural oils to help with moisturization, and bathing on a regular basis would wash these oils off. Washing these oils would lead to the baby having dry skin, making it prone to itch and rashes.
Bathe the baby in warm water with a near-neutral pH.
3. Products Used
A baby's skin is sensitive, so it would be unwise to subject it to the kind of products adults use. Avoid using harsh products such as moisturizers, soaps, powder, and other scented products. Instead, use mild baby products that have no strong fragrance.
While cleaning the baby's clothes, use mild detergent, and wash every item of its clothing separately from the rest of the family's laundry.
While using baby powder, special care has to be taken to keep it away from the baby's face or else it could cause breathing problems. Avoid using baby powders with fragrance or perfume in them, especially in the diaper areas, as it might lead to skin problems.
When the baby has diaper rashes, parents could apply products like petroleum jelly or protective ointments to treat diaper rashes.
In the end, the simplest thing to do is use natural or organic products with fewer chemicals, or use products specially made for the baby's skin like baby soaps, tear-free shampoo, and baby lotions. Always know enough about the product when you're using it on your baby. Avoid using or experimenting with new products on your baby's skin.
The way baby dresses determine their comfort. Not all cloth materials are favourable for children. Some could cause skin irritation and rashes.
To avoid such conditions, parents can dress their babies in mild clothing, preferably made of cotton. Cotton is the ideal material as it absorbs body sweat and is also soft and comfortable.
Parents should take care of changing the articles of clothing immediately after its wet or soiled. Always dress your baby in dry clothes and not damp ones. Do not dress babies in synthetic fibres, as there is a chance that babies might develop an allergic reaction to these.
Always wash the clothes separately using mild detergents.
Major skin problems that are caused due to diapers are diaper rashes. To avoid this, care should be taken not to dress the baby in tight diapers. See to that it is a right fit for the baby.
Do not delay in changing the diapers. Always change the nappies right after you find out that baby dirtied the diapers. Frequently keep checking the baby's diaper.
Check if the diaper area is dry before changing into a new diaper. If damp, air-dry the area and then put on the diaper.
One of the best ways to keep the baby's skin soft and moisturized is by massaging it with natural oils, preferably coconut, almond or olive oil. Like with any product used on the baby, even the oil has to be natural and organic. Avoid scented oils that are commercially sold, as they could cause skin irritation and other reactions.
Massaging is also an excellent way to bond with the child. Be firm, yet at the same time tender, while massaging. It improves the skin condition, and babies that have been massaged are much more relaxed.
7. Exposure to Hot and Cold Weather
To protect the baby from sunburns, parents must avoid taking their children outside in the first couple of months or up to six months. Should parents take their babies out in the sun, take special care in completely covering the baby's body with clothing.
Dress the baby in full-sleeved clothing and full pants. Also, cover the baby's head with caps and apply a baby-friendly sunscreen to parts of the skin that have no clothing on them. If at all, parents take their baby outside, keep the child under shade.
8. Expose the Baby to Cool Environments
Parents must also take special care in winters as the extreme cold, and dry weather could be harmful to the baby's skin. See to that the baby's room is humid, and the air is moist. Use devices like a humidifier to help with making the environment not too dry.
Hydrate your baby. Winter is dry weather, so make the baby drink lots of water.
During winter, dress the baby in multiple layers of clothing to protect it from cold. Always cover your baby in different layers, and adjust according to the weather conditions, be it extreme heat or cold.
But do not stuff the baby in multiple layers either, this could cause discomfort.
9. Nail Care
A baby's nails are sharp and could cause harm to their skin. Moreover, the nails grow very fast and must be frequently trimmed to avoid minor cuts. Be careful while cutting the baby's nails. Ideally, trim them when the child is asleep using nail scissors or clippers meant for babies.
Toenails grow at a slower rate when compared to fingernails, therefore needn't be as frequently trimmed. Always visit the doctor if the skin around the nails seems swollen and red.
In the end, what parents have to remember is that their baby’s skin is sensitive and special care is to be given. Always call the doctor or visit a paediatrician if you observe rashes or redness that doesn’t heal within a few days.
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