- by Yogaksema Clinic
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- Feb 24 2017
The Panchakarma Treatments
Panchakarama literally means “Five Actions” and in context of Ayurveda it denotes “Five Treatments”. Traditionally Panchakarma has been considered an Ayurveda detoxification treatment. It is designed to cleanse the complete body by removing the collected toxins from it. The duration for performing the Panchakarma Treatments is ranges from 7 days and a maximum of 28 days for the effects to show in our Body. Panchakarma is now accepted and is scientifically proven for the treatment of many illnesses and its constituents may differ according to the chronic nature of the ailments.
Every Panchakarma treatment has 3 components:
1. Purva Karma (Pre-treatment) - To prepare a patient for Main Panchakrama Treatment by giving Oil Massage Treatment (Abhyanga) and Steam (Swedana).
2. Pradhaan Karma (Main Treatment) – Though these are five as given in the picture above, these can be customized now for Disease Specific Treatments. The Pradhan Karmas are explained below which can be given individually or in combination during the duration of Panchakarama.
3. Paschat Karma (Post Treatment) - Diet to be followed, Contra Indications and Precautions (Depend on the treatment and patient).
All the Ayurvedic treatments begin with placing the hand with medicine inside, on the head of the patient who is taking the treatment with a quiet prayer from Rig veda
Which translates too:
“Oh God, My hand is God himself
My hand is better of yours
My hand is the sum of all medicines
My hand is the sum of all the good (Healing)”
ElaKizhi (Patra Pinda Swedana) /Medicinal leaves/ herbs bundles
Elakizhi is a kind of swedana (sudation) treatment in which medicinal leaves puddings are applied to the complete body or any particular part externally in the form of boluses/ medication tied up in linen bag, dipping it in warm medicated oil. Medicinal leaves puddings are made up of medicinal leaves which are cut into small pieces & processed and prepared in medicated oils. This is performed for 45 minutes every day for duration of 7 to 14 days. Fine powder of medicinal herbs is also utilized. This treatment is effectual in constant back pain & arthritic complaints, paralysis, pain & swelling in the joints and emaciation of limbs. It energizes & strengthens the nervous and muscular systems. It expands the circulation and metabolic rate, decreases rigidity, inflexibility and sufferings, and also enhances the skin tone.
Njavara Kizhi (Pinda Swedana )
After the application of medicated oil over the complete body or any particular part, the medicinal rice (Njavarayari) & the root of Sida retusa extract are prepared with milk & is made in the form of paste and apply on the complete body or any particular part along with massage. This is performed for 60 to 90 minutes every day for 7 to 14 days. This treatment delivers power and capacity to nerves and muscles and cleanses blood. It is advantageous for all kinds of rheumatism, joint pain, paralysis, cholesterol, emaciation of limbs, high blood pressure, sciatica, and certain types of skin disorders & it cures general body weakness, the skin color & complexion.
Pizhichil (Warm Oil Massage)
This is a healing and therapeutic procedure in which lukewarm or half-heated medicated oil is poured all over the body in a consistent rhythmic way constantly in a particular direction along with concurrent soft massages for 60 to 90 minutes every day for 7 to 21 days. This treatment is effectual for rheumatic diseases like arthritis, paralysis, weakness of muscular & nervous system and sexual deficiency.
Sirovasti (Oil Pooling – Head Region)
Medicated half-heated oil is endorsed to preserve over the head for about an hour inside a leather cap fitted around the head. This treatment is very effectual in facial paralysis, earache, chronic headache, cataract, deafness, psychosomatic stress, insomnia & other diseases which trouble the cranial nerves. It energizes the nervous system & encourages mental concentration.
Sirodhara (Oil Stream – Head Region)
"Sirodhara" literally implies consistent stream (dhara) on the head (sira). Similarly as the root forms the base of a plant so additionally in Ayurveda the head is viewed the root of the body. Hence, Sirodhara is of extreme significance in ayurvedic treatment. Medicated oil, cured butter milk, herbal extract and so on; is permitted to flow as a nonstop stream over the upper part of the forehead along with delicate rub over the scalp hence refreshing the pineal gland in the brain which produces serotonin and melatonin. These hormones play an essential role in every individual's emotional balance. The treatment is performed for 30-45 minutes every day for a period of 7 to 21 days. It is highly effectual for ailments of the nervous system & for emotional illnesses like chronic depression, loss of memory, insomnia, and anxiety (panic) attacks. It is also prescribed for a chronic headaches also ear, nose and throat issues, and is particularly valuable for mental relaxation.
Nasya (Medicated Oil Inhalation)
Organization of medicated oil, herbal juice and other cured formulations to the nostrils following the best possible use of medicated oil and fomentation of the face keeping the eyes shielded from the warmth applying during fomentation. Nasyam aids to vacate accumulated components in the nasal sinuses. It energizes neruro hormonal centres, improves the function of eyes, ears & nose, causes sound sleep and empowers the neck and shoulder. It is extremely effectual in the treatment of Sinusitis, Nasal congestion, Ear and Eye Disease, Dental Problem, Migraine, Facial paralysis & cervical degeneration.
Abyanga (Oil Application – Soft Massage)
Abyanga is a universal body massage in Ayurveda utilizing medicated oils on an everyday basis as a part of style of living to relieve the pain and decrease fluid accumulation, supporting the evacuation of toxic accumulation. This treatment is done usually for 45 to 60 minutes every day for 7 to 21 days. It is an exceptionally powerful revival therapy which enhances circulation, cellular regeneration, immuno-modulation & sound sleep. It is an exceptionally effectual treatment in rheumatic diseases, firmness of joints, frozen shoulders, spondylosis, back pain, spondylitis, sports injuries and so on.
Karnapooranam (Medicated Oil Drops in Ear)
Use of medicated oil in the ear cannel is powerful in the infectious pathologies of the ear. It enhances the sound recognition with clarity. The session duration is of 30 minutes.
Greeva vasti/Kati vasti/Uro vasti (Medicated Oil Pooling - Neck, Back and Chest region)
Maintenance of half-heated medicated oils in a leakage proof border made up of green gram powder paste or glue on the upper back-cervical (Greeva vasti), on the lower back – lumber(Kati vasti) & on the upper center of the chest – thorax (Uro vasti) is advantageous in limited and transmitting pain of various causes. The session duration is of 40 to 60 minutes.
Thalam (Herbal Paste Application – Head Region)
It is a remedial technique done with herbal paste in nearly every ayurvedic treatments. The herbal power mixed with water or fresh juice of therapeutic leaves or medicated oil and applies over the center of bregma and lamda on the head. It has direct beneficial outcomes on the brain and it shields the brain from over heat and stress variations. It advances sound sleep and cooling impacts. The session duration is 30 minutes.
Lepam (Herbal Paste Application – Entire Body)
Local use of therapeutic herbal paste especially in joints is powerful in inflammatory pathologies. It diminishes pain, redness, swelling and local temperature. The session duration is 30 minutes.
It is finished with medicated oils as a part of style of living focusing on the pressure points of the foot. It fortifies the internal organs & senses. The session duration is 30 minutes.
These are most common Ayurveda Treatments that form part of Panchakarama. There is now ample research evidence that these treatments in isolation of combination for required duration and in guidance of qualified Ayurveda Physicians can treat many chronic Non Communicable Diseases and also help in Rehabilitation (Geriatric, Cardiac, Neurology and Oncology Rehabilitation)
At Yogaksema Clinic (www.yogaksema.com/lifestyle) we use Evidence Based and Disease Specific Ayurveda Therapies in a complete sterile environment under guidance of qualified doctors.
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