- by Motherhood Hospital
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- Feb 18 2017
Tackling the unknown risks of Motherhood
A pregnancy is considered high-risk when there are potential complications that could affect you, your baby or both. We, at Motherhood examine the full range of challenges in general obstetrics, medical complications, fetal disease, labor and delivery. Conditions that can complicate a pregnancy include high BP, STDs, heart diseases, heredity, cancer and diabetes.Tackling the unknown risks of Motherhood
Motherhood is one of the most beautiful experience in a woman’s life. The health of both the mother and the fetus is of paramount importance and regular checkups and good prenatal care can ensure a safe and healthy delivery.
However, an unforeseen illness or a preexisting disease can complicate the pregnancy, which can put the mother or the child at risk. A pregnancy is considered to be of high risk when there are potential complications that could hamper the health of the mother, the baby or both. Such cases need special intervention by specialists to ensure that both the mother and the baby have the best outcome.
Conditions that put the Mother and the baby at higher risk:
- Women getting pregnant at and after 35 years.
- Women with Neurological disorders like epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, brain tumours, past history of cerebral venous thrombosis and Psychiatric illness can add to high risk pregnancy.
- Women with preexisting conditions like: Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, Cardiac disease, Anemia, blood dyscrasia, haemoglobinopathy, platelet disorders, Liver problems are the major reasons of high risk pregnancy.
- Women with previous history of thromboembolism (obstruction of a blood vessel by a blood clot that has become dislodged from another site in the circulation,) strokes, myocardial infarction, preterm labour, postpartum haemorrhage, third trimester fetal losses.
- Some women who has autoimmune diseases, thyroid, other endocrine disorders, renal disorders, placenta praevia (In this the placenta covers the cervix and can cause heavy bleeding specially if a women has contraction,) are also at high risk of Pregnancy.
- Obesity and Lifestyle choices like smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol can put a pregnancy at risk
Every wannabe and expecting mothers has to follow certain basic guidelines to ensure safe and healthy delivery. Some of them include:
- Schedule a preconception appointment – If you are thinking about becoming pregnant, consult your health care provider. If you have a medical condition, your treatment might need to be adjusted to prepare for pregnancy.
- Seek regular prenatal care – Prenatal visits can help your health care provider monitor your health and your baby’s health.
- Eat a healthy diet – During pregnancy, you’ll need more folic acid, calcium, iron and other essential nutrients. A daily prenatal vitamin can help fill any gaps.
- Gaining the right amount of weight can support your baby’s health and make it easier to shed the extra pounds after delivery.
- Avoid risky substances such as cigarette and drugs. Consult your health care provider’s before you start or stop taking any medications or supplements.
- Always opt for a tertiary center as in this all the speciality doctors will be available and will be beneficial to both mother and baby
It’s quite natural to feel anxious and concerned when you are pregnant, but it’s all the more worrisome for the expecting parent if you have any of the conditions of high risk pregnancy. To tackle these apprehensions, some studies suggest that certain techniques, such as imagining pleasant objects or experiences or listening to music, yoga and Lamaze can create a positive atmosphere for the expectant mother.
It’s imperative to consult your treating doctor about how to manage any medical conditions you might have during your pregnancy and how your health might affect labour and delivery. Do not hesitate to discuss with your doctor if you see any of the below specific signs or symptoms during the pregnancy period such as:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Persistent headaches
- Pain or cramping in the lower abdomen
- Watery vaginal discharge in a gush or a trickle
- Regular or frequent contractions — a tightening sensation in the abdomen
- Decreased foetal activity
- Pain or burning with urination
- Changes in vision, including blurred vision
A high-risk pregnancy can sound like a ‘mammoth’ word, but it certainly can be dealt with timely and effective medical care.
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