- by Dr Paramesh S
- 0 Shares
- Apr 01 2017
Symptoms of kidney stones:
Pain usually begins in mid or lower back and spreads to your abdomen as the stone moves toward your bladder. Some of the symtoms incude:
- Severe pain
- Blood in urine
- Cloudy or smelly urine
- Burning feeling while you urinate
- Nausea and vomitting
- Infection of urinary tract
- Hot climate
- Lack of fluids
- Excessive intake of calcium and vitamin D
- Primary Hyperparathyroidism
- Congenital malformation
- Vitamin A and B Complex deficiency
In all cases, patients need more fluid after exertion and during times of stress. If they drink enough, the urine should be pale and almost watery, not dark and yellow.
Fluids and side effects:
Lemon juice: Drinking one cup of lemon juice everyday increases citrate levels in the urine which helps to protect against calcium stones.
Orange juice: Orange doses not lower calcium, it raises oxlate levels. Therefore orange juice is not recommended for calcium stones.
Cranberry and apple juice: Cranberry and apple juice increases the risk of calcium stones.
Grapefruit juice: Studies have found a risk for stones from drinking grapefruit juice.
Soft drinks should be avoided. Beer and other alcoholic beverages contain purines which may increase the less common uric acid stones.
Although water is best, it may vary depending on its source. Variations in water itself may have different impacts. Water hardness (meaning how much calcium is in the water) generally plays only a small role in stone formation. By far, the amount of fluid intake is most important in preventing stones.
Types of fluids which can be used
Types of fluids to be avoided
How much to drink?
Drinking fluids helps in preventing all types of kidney stones.
Water is the best option
Black tea is not recommended for people who have a tendency to get kidney stones as it contains high amount of oxalates.
Depends mainly on the weather and the person’s activity level
Drinking enough fluids help in keeping the urine diluted and in flushing out the stone forming minerals from the body.
Some studies recommend citrus fruit juices. They may help in preventing calcium oxalate and uric acid stones but may be harmful for people with calcium phosphate stones.
Grapefruit juice, cranberry juice and dark colas should be avoided by people who are prone to develop calcium oxalate kidney stones.
People living in tropical countries need to drink more water. Approximately two and a half to three litres of fluid are required for people living in tropics in summer.
Moderate intake of beer and wine may protect against stone formation.
People with kidney stones should drink water and other liquids to produce at least two litres of urine each day.
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