- by Dr Reginald Varadarajulu Vsm
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- Feb 09 2017
STROKE : FACT FILE
A stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks an artery (a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body) or a blood vessel (a tube through which the blood moves through the body) breaks, interrupting blood flow to an area of the brain. When either of these things happen, brain cells begin to die and brain damage occurs.
When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain are lost. These abilities can include speech, movement and memory. How a stroke patient is affected depends on where the stroke occurs in the brain and how much the brain is damaged.
Stroke Warning Signs
Stroke symptoms can also include:
SUDDEN numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
SUDDEN confusion, trouble speaking, or understanding
SUDDEN trouble seeing in one or both eyes
SUDDEN trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
SUDDEN severe headache with no known cause
It is important to recognize stroke symptoms and act quickly
Am I Having a Stroke?
Learn the many warning signs of a stroke. Act FAST
Use FAST to remember the warning signs:
FACE: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
ARMS: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
SPEECH: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange?
TIME: If you observe any of these signs, CALL FOR HELP IMMEDIATELY
What to Expect at the Hospital
When diagnosing a stroke, time is critical. A quick diagnosis will ensure the use of treatment that can help with better results for your recovery.
Arrival at the Hospital: Provide detailed medical history and information about any past medical conditions. Knowing the exact time stroke symptoms began would be very helpful.
Initial Tests: Rule out any other conditions that have symptoms similar to a stroke.
Determine Type of Stroke: CT scan/MRI of the brain.
(caused by blood clot)
(anti-coagulants, blood pressure-lowering or cholesterol lowering)
(caused by bleeding)
(to reduce bleeding and lower pressure)
(look for underlying cause of the stroke)
Other Assessments: EKG; blood tests, including complete blood count, blood sugar, blood clotting time, electrolytes, liver and kidney function; MRI to find out the amount of damage to the brain; carotid ultrasound if narrowing of a carotid artery is suspected; MRA (magnetic resonance angiogram).
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