- by Dr SUNIL DWIVEDI
- 1 Shares
- Feb 21 2017
Medication and prevention of ANGINA PECTORIS(inadequate blood supply to the heart.)
Medications are required if lifestyle changes alone don't help your angina. Medications may include:
- Aspirin. It reduces the ability of your blood to clot, making it easier for blood to flow through narrowed heart arteries.
- Nitrates. This class of drugs relaxes and widens your blood vessels, which allows more blood to flow to your heart muscle. Angina related chest discomfort gets relieved with taking a nitrate tablet under the tongue.
- Beta blockers. These drugs block the effects of the hormone epinephrine, and slow down the heart beats, thereby reducing blood pressure. Beta
- Statins. These drugs are used to lower cholesterol.
- Calcium channel blockers. These drugs relax and widen blood vessels by affecting the muscle cells in the arterial walls.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. These drugs are also used to relax blood vessels.
- Ranolazine. This drug used alone or with other angina medications, works specifically to treat angina.
Medical procedures and surgery
- Angioplasty and stenting. These are used when unstable angina or lifestyle changes and medications don't effectively treat your chronic, stable angina.
- Coronary artery bypass surgery. This is recommended in patients with several blockades or in instances where the blockade is in a position that cannot be treated by stenting. It is a major surgery on heart arteries and involves creating a graft bypass using a vessel from another part of your body or a tube made of synthetic fabric. With this procedure, blood flow is maintained around the blocked or narrowed artery.
Lifestyle changes can help you prevent angina. These include:
- Stop smoking.
- Exercise most days of the week.
- Eat healthy foods.
- Lose extra pounds and maintain a healthy weight.
- Manage stress.
- If you have high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes or another chronic disease, work with your doctor to manage the condition and promote overall health.
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