- by Motherhood Hospital
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- Mar 15 2017
Introduction to Ovarian Cysts
- Most women will experience a cyst on the ovaries at least once, and most are painless, cause no symptoms, and are discovered during a routine pelvic exam.
- Symptoms of an ovarian cyst include nausea, vomiting, bloating, painful bowel movements, and pain during sex.
- In rare cases, an ovarian cyst can cause serious problems, so it’s best to have it checked by your doctor.
Ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They’re located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus. Women have two ovaries that produce eggs, as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone.Sometimes, a fluid-filled sac called a cyst will develop on one of the ovaries. Many women will develop at least one cyst during their lifetime. In most cases, cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.
Types of ovarian cysts – There are various types of ovarian cysts, such as dermoid cysts and endometrioma cysts. However, functional cysts are the most common type. The two types of functional cysts include follicle and corpus luteum cysts.
Follicle cyst – During a woman’s menstrual cycle, an egg grows in a sac called a follicle. This sac is located inside the ovaries. In most cases, this follicle or sac breaks open and releases an egg. But if the follicle doesn’t break open, the fluid inside the follicle can form a cyst on the ovary.
Corpus luteum cysts – Follicle sacs typically dissolve after releasing an egg. But if the sac doesn’t dissolve and the opening of the follicle seals, additional fluid can develop inside the sac and this accumulation of fluid causes a corpus luteum cyst.
Other types of ovarian cysts include :
- Dermoid cysts:Sac-like growths on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat, and other tissue
- Cystadenomas: Non-cancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries
- Endometriomas: Tissues that normally grow inside the uterus can develop outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – This condition means the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts. It can cause the ovaries to enlarge, and if left untreated, polycystic ovaries can cause infertility.
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