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How to Explain Menstruation to Your Daughter

Dr Sahana K P

Dr Sahana K P

  Basaveshwaranagar, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   3 min     


Explaining menstruation to your daughter is a great way for her to feel comfortable with the changes that are going in her body. It’s also a great way to bond and show her you’re there for her through everything. Here are some menstruation basics to help you explain everything she needs to know about her cycle.


Unique Menstruation Timing

Most girls get their first period between 11 and 13 years old, but it can start anywhere from ages 8 to 16.

The average cycle for most girls is 28 days, but it may last from 21 to 35 days and still be “normal.”

If she has a short cycle, it’s likely she’ll have a period more than once a month. On the flip side, if her cycle lasts longer, she’ll have fewer periods in a year. Every girl is different!


How Hormones Start Her Period

Hormones are something her body makes and uses to control her body’s functions. As your daughter approaches puberty, a part of her brain called the pituitary gland begins releasing more and more of certain hormones.

These hormones stimulate her ovaries to produce estrogen and another part of her body to produce other hormones called androgens. These hormones cause a lot of the physical changes that take place during puberty and during her monthly menstruation cycle.

It is important that all mothers understand the basics and changes that occur during the menstrual cycle so that they may able to tell daughters the same and clear all queries that blossom in their minds .Besides helping them with sanitary hygiene and premenstrual syndrome, this is also essential so that young girls understand sexual health and need of contraception, safe and unsafe time during the cycle etc as they embark to start their reproductive life. It goes a long way to prevent unwanted pregnancies and teenage pregnancies.

For all mothers, here are a few basic facts about menstrual cycle that you should understand in order to help your daughters go through this phase smoothly.

Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

Women and girls have two ovaries that contain thousands of eggs (ova). During the pre-ovulation (or follicular) phase, hormones stimulate the development of eggs. At the same time, the soft lining (called the endometrium) of the uterus (the place where a baby can grow) starts to thicken.


Ovulation usually happens around 10 to 16 days before her next period.

Ovulation occurs when a mature egg(s) is released from the ovary. After the egg is released, it travels along the fallopian tube to the uterus. If the egg is fertilized, it will stick in her uterus and develop into a fetus.

Premenstrual (Luteal) Phase

After ovulation, hormones trigger her body to continue developing the lining of the uterus, in preparation for a fertilized egg. During this phase, if your daughter were to become pregnant, the egg moves into the uterus, and then attaches to the lining.

If she is not pregnant, the lining of the uterus is shed through the vaginal opening during menstruation.


The womb lining leaves the body through the vagina as a reddish fluid containing blood — typically about a quarter of a cup of blood (although it can seem like a lot more). This is your daughter’s “period” — it is also called menses — and it will last between three to seven days. The first day of bleeding is officially day one of her menstrual period. It’s also day one of her cycle (which ends on the first day of her next period.)

Tags:  Menstruation, women care, hormones,menstrual cycle,

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