Gingivitis & Periodontitis causes and treament
Bangalore Baptist Hospital
Hebbal, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
What Is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis is a common disease that causes inflammation of the gums (gingiva), thereby making the gum swollen and tender. Persons having gingivitis will find that their gums start bleeding (bleeding gums) when they brush their teeth. You must take sufficient care, otherwise it might aggravate into a major gum disease (periodontal diseases).
What Causes Gingivitis?
The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis can also occur due to other reasons, such as puberty, pregnancy, diabetes, leukemia, malnutrition, scurvy, pellagra and poorly fitted dentures, teeth caps and poor tooth fillings.
What Are The Symptoms Of Gingivitis?
- Red gums
- Swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Painful gums
- Bad breath
- Separation of gums from teeth
What Is The Treatment For Gingivitis?
Gingivitis can be treated by maintaining dental hygiene, brushing and flossing teeth regularly, rinsing mouth with anti-septic mouth wash, periodic dental check-ups and cleaning (scaling) by a dentist or a hygienist and fixing dental restorations. In addition, lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol and having a low sugar and well balanced diet will help keep gingivitis away.
What Are The Complications Of Gingivitis?
If you don’t treat gingivitis at the right time it will progress to periodontitis, which is a much more serious form of gum disease.
Certain symptoms include:
- Red, swollen or tender gums or pain in your mouth
- Bleeding (bleeding gums) while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
- Gums that are receding or pulling away from the teeth, causing the teeth to look longer than before
- Loose or separating teeth
- Pus between your gums and teeth
- Sores in your mouth
- Persistent bad breath
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
What Is The Treatment For Periodontitis?
Procedures used to treat periodontitis include:
- Deep scaling/curettage
- Periodontal surgery
- Laser therapy
- Soft tissue grafts, etc