Facts about Bipolar disorder
Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Feb 14, 2017
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness which causes severe mood swings in the individual. The person experiences extreme highs and lows i.e. they are extremely happy-manic or withdrawn and sad-depression. Manic and depression periods are the two ends of a bipolar individual and they sometimes experience both at once which makes them elated and depressed at the same time.
This disorder is not rare and a study shows that it affects millions of people in some way and the numbers are seen to be increasing over the years. A study shows that more than 5 million people in the U.S. alone suffer from bipolar disorder and India has seen a 14% rise in the number of individuals being affected over the years.
What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?
Symptoms of bipolar disorder usually tend to appear amongst individuals who are in their late teens or early adulthood and women are more likely to be diagnosed with this disorder than men for reasons that still remain unclear.
This disorder is hard to diagnose because the symptoms are varied but, there are certain warning signs.
Warning signs of mania
- Overly happy high for long periods
- Decreased sleeping needs
- Racing thoughts and speech
- Risky behavior and actions- impulsive sex, expensive gambling and spending sprees
- Overconfident and easily distracted
Warning signs of depression
- Feeling sad and hopeless for long periods
- Withdrawing from social gatherings
- Change/loss of appetite
- Losing interest in hobbies and other activities that were usually enjoyed
What causes bipolar disorder?
A study shows that there are a number of factors that interact to cause this disorder:
- Genetic changes and family history of the disorder are factors that increase the possibility of a person becoming bipolar
- The chemical imbalance of neurotransmitters plays a huge role in mood swings
- Hormonal imbalance may trigger the disorder
- Acute mental stress, physical or sexual abuse, a significant loss or any other traumatic event can have a major impact and trigger the disorder.