- by Portea Homecare
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- Apr 21 2017
Essential Facts About Genu Valgum
Do you find your legs curving inwardly? Are your tilted knees affecting your gait pattern? If you answered positively, then you might be suffering from genu valgum. Genu Valgum is a valgum deformity that makes your knees touch each other when you straighten your legs. Read on to discover all about causes, symptoms, and treatment for Genu Valgum.
What Is Genu Valgum?
Genu Valgum, also widely popular as knock-knee, is a valgum deformity that makes your knees angle inwards resulting in circumduction gait pattern. As you walk, your leg may swing outwards. Also, in severe case, your knees may tend to touch each other when you try to straighten your legs. This condition is most common in toddlers and preschoolers and it may get resolved as the child grows. However, when adults suffer from genu valgus, you need to treat it appropriately as they are more vulnerable to chronic knee problem and injuries. So, first let’s have a look at some prominent causes of genu valgus.
7 Causes Of Genu Valgum
Genu valgum or knock knees may be normal in toddlers, however, if this condition persists even after the growth of the child or if it occurs later in the life then it could be due to an underlying medical condition. Some of the prominent causes that may make you suffer from genu valgum in adulthood are as below.
1. Nutritional Deficiencies: Certain nutritional deficiencies, such as rickets, scurvy, or osteomalacia, can affect your development of bones adversely resulting into knock knees.
2. Injury: If you suffer from an injury to shin bone, which plays a vital role in the growth, or bone fracture, then you can suffer from genu valgus. Knock knee due to injury to shin bone may affect only one leg.
3. Bone infection: Certain bone infection, such as osteomyelitis, may make you suffer from genu valgus deformity.
4. Genetic Conditions: Some rare genetic conditions too can be responsible for development of the bone deformity of genu valgus. Thus, there are chances that the condition may run in the family.
5. Joint Ailments: Knock knee can also result due to certain joint conditions resulting due to osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
6. Obesity: Obesity or overweight condition can also affect your gait pattern and it may lead to knocked knee.
7. Muscular paralysis of semitendinosus or semimembranosus
7 Symptoms Of Genu Valgum
If genu valgus persists in adulthood, some of the prominent symptoms of this condition include:
• Legs curving inwards with knees that touch each other
• Pain in legs and knees
• Feet move far apart
• Discomfort and difficulty in walking or limping
• Pain during any movement of leg
• Changes in gait
• Changes in normal posture
4 Effective Treatments For Genu Valgum Enlargements
There are various kinds of treatments to alleviate the discomfort resulting due to genu valgus. Some of the effective treatments are as below.
1. Vitamin Intake:
If genu valgus is resulting due to rickets, scurvy, or deficiency of any vitamins, then treating the vitamin deficiency or the underlying condition can help mitigate knock knee. Rickets occur due to vitamin D deficiency. So, having an appropriate dose of vitamin D every day with guidance of your doctor can help minimize the discomfort. Your doctor may also recommend having vitamin D injection once in a year. Having a diet which is rich in calcium and vitamin D can help treat the condition effectively.
2. Physiotherapy Exercises:
If genu valgus occurs due to weak abductor muscles on outer thighs and hips, then following certain physiotherapy exercises can help correct it. Side lunges, straight leg lift exercise, knee press, wall squats, and hamstring curls are some of the most effective exercises that can help in knock knee correction when you perform them regularly.
In extreme cases, surgery is the right line of treatment to correct knock knee deformity. Surgery is usually recommended when:
• You have a lot of difficulty while walking
• The gap between your ankles is greater than 10 cm.
• Your lower legs are curved causing tremendous knee pain
There are two types of surgeries for knock knee:
1. Guided Growth: Where a small plate is inserted in your knee that eventually rectifies the knee growth. This type of surgery is preffered for genu valgus in growing kids.
2. Osteotomy: Osteotomy is another surgery for effective knock knee correction. In this surgery, the leg bone is cut and appropriately realigned to rectify the angle of the knee.
3. Restrict Smoking & Driving:
If smokers or drivers need to undergo a surgery to correct genu valgus deformity, then it is advisable to stop smoking and driving at least couple of weeks before and three months after the surgery. Smoking tends to restrict the proper blood supply to your bones and this causes a great delay in healing.
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