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Effects of Smoke on Teeth and Gums

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   3 min     


There are some tips that those who choose to smoke should follow, while quitting smoking is the most effective way to ensure better oral health. Given all of the complications and risks of smoking on oral health, it is very crucial that smokers do not ignore regular checkups with their dentists. Dentists can watch for signs of developing gum disease and oral cancers during these visits. Those who smoke should consider more frequent visits, though everyone should visit their dentist twice a year.

Smokers can also benefit from professional cleanings by staying on top of regular dentist visits,  Having a proper oral hygiene plan is exceptionally crucial for smokers. Smokers on a regular basis should be brushing, flossing, and using a tongue cleaner and mouthwash at least twice daily. Having the right toothbrush can be something that is frequently overlooked, but it is something that should not be skipped. Smokers should use a toothbrush that is more intended for the general concerned areas discussed above. To be able to tackle the hard stains left by tar in the tobacco, toothbrush bristles should be strong and stiff enough. The toothbrush should also be able to reach the troublesome parts in the back of the gums. Also, toothpaste that is made particularly for smokers, should be picked by smokers as they are better and chemically stronger able to tackle harder to clean bacteria. Mouthwash helps fight the bad breath many smokers experience. There are also mouthwashes that are intended just for smokers.

Smoking is not the only thing that is injurious to teeth. Some foods can also cause erosion and staining. Also, people who smoke should try to avoid foods that can cause further staining, aggravating on the harm already done by the use of tobacco. Soda and Coffee are common drinks that can stain the teeth. Smokers should also refrain from eating foods that are highly acidic in the blend as they can cause cavities and enamel breakdown.

Also oral health self-checkups should be done by smokers on a regular basis. If you are a smoker, then one should check for enduring sores around the mouth, face, and neck. If the sores continue after 2 weeks, it is a sign of a more severe complication. Individuals who smoke should also check for repeated bleeding in the mouth, swelling, lesions, and lumps. Red, white or dark patches under the tongue, on the inside of the mouth and on the cheeks that continue for more than 2 weeks should be brought to the attention of a dentist. Lumps on gums and lips can also specify a more severe problem, as should pain or numbness in any portion of the mouth.

Are smokeless Tobacco Products Safer?

Smokeless tobacco products contain at least 28 chemicals  which increases the risk of oral cancer and cancer of the throat and esophagus. Even chewing tobacco contains very high level of nicotine than cigarettes which makes it really hard to quit tobacco. 

Smokeless tobacco may irritate your gum tissue and causing it to recede from your teeth. When the gum tissue recedes, your roots become exposed which increases the risk of tooth decay. Exposed roots are sensitive to hot and cold or other irritants.

Quit the Tobacco

Quitting the tobacco reduces the risks to your health. Even reducing the amount of you smoke helps to regain your oral health. In a study it was found that smokers who reduced taking tobacco had only three times the risk of developing gum disease compared with nonsmokers.

How can you Quit Tobacco?

Consult a doctor or dentist to calm your nicotine cravings with medications such as nicotine gum and patches. Some of these products can be purchased at medical stores but some requires a prescription. 

Smoking cessation classes and support groups are often used with drug therapy. These programs are offered through local hospitals and sometimes through your employer or health insurance company.

Tags:  Dental treatments,oral hygiene ,Smoke, Oral wellness, Gums,

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