- by Dr Gowher Pebbles n Pearl Pediatrics and Child Care
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- Mar 06 2017
Effect of Mother’s Nutrition on Growth of the Foetus
Birth weight is an important marker of adverse events occurred in the past as well as future neonatal and infantile mortality and morbidity. It has a definite impact on the future growth and development of an infant. As for example, low birth weight is an important risk factor for infection in the newborn as well as a major determinant of malnutrition during infancy. These babies are less likely to attain their full potential in terms of subsequent growth, development and intelligence.
Effect of extreme maternal malnutrition on the foetus:
· foetal maldevelopment
·untimely termination of pregnancy
·Intra-uterine growth retardation
Maternal nutrition before and during pregnancy has direct relation with foetal growth: Mothers who are overweight but have slow weight gain give birth to more deprived babies’ than do the mothers who were undernourished but have high weight gain. Intra-uterine growth retardation is primarily due to long term malnutrition amongst mothers (poverty and chronic poor living conditions).
Interventions to improve neonatal outcome must start much before the childbirth. As maternal nutrition is a modifiable factor, timely intervention can help improve foetal well being.
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