- by Dr. Surjit Pal Singh
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- Apr 01 2017
Diabetes and its types
When the quantity of glucose (sugar) in the blood is very high because the body uses it properly, it leads to a serious lifelong disorder known as diabetes.
This can lead to some major health complications, if the high levels of blood glucose levels are left untreated.
There are 2 important types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. They are different conditions, induced by different things, but they are both serious and need to be managed and treated properly.
The pancreas plays a very important role in our bodies as it produces a hormone called insulin. The carbohydrates are broken down into glucose after we eat and the digestion begins.
The insulin made and delivered by the pancreas transports glucose to our cells, where it is used as fuel for energy.
It may help to know that insulin is usually described as a key, which open the way to the cells, permitting glucose to enter.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder where the body strikes and demolishes insulin-making cells, meaning no insulin is made. This leads to quick rise of glucose in the blood.
Science tells us it is got nothing to do with lifestyle or diet. No one knows precisely why this happens.
About 10 % of the population with diabetes has Type 1.
Type 2 diabetes
In Type 2 diabetes, the glucose builds up in the blood as the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin manufactured by the body does not work properly.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by a complicated interaction of environmental and genetic factors. Nearly 58 % of Type 2 diabetes cases can be prevented or delayed through a beneficial lifestyle.
About 90 % of the population with diabetes has Type 2
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