- by Dr. Sunil Dwivedi
- 0 Shares
- Mar 26 2017
Complications of hardening and narrowing of the arteries-ATHEROSCLEROSIS
Location of atherosclerosis determines the complications of atherosclerosis. For example:
- Coronary artery disease. When the arteries close to your heart are narrowed by atherosclerosis, you may develop coronary artery disease, which can cause chest pain (angina), a heart attack or heart failure.
- Carotid artery disease.When the arteries close to your brain are narrowed by atherosclerosis, you may develop carotid artery disease, which can cause a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke.
- Peripheral artery disease.When the arteries in your legs or arms are narrowed by atherosclerosis, you may develop circulation problems in your arms and legs called peripheral artery disease. The symptoms of peripheral artery disease include reduced sensitivity to heat and cold and increased risk of burns or frostbite. Very rarely, compromised circulation in your arms or legs can cause tissue death (gangrene).
- Aneurysms.Aneurysms are a serious complication of atherosclerosis that can occur anywhere in your body. An aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of your artery. Aneurysms don't produce symptoms in most people. Pain and throbbing in the area of an aneurysm may occur and is a medical emergency. Bursting of an aneurysm is troublesome leading to life-threatening internal bleeding. This catastrophic event is usually sudden but a slow leak is possible. Blockage of an artery at some distant point can also occur if a blood clot within an aneurysm dislodges.
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