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Can adults get leukemia?

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 12, 2017

   1 min     


Acute Myeloid Leukemia

What Is Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

Acute myeloid leukemia starts in the bone marrow. This is the soft inner parts of bones. With acute types of leukemia such as AML, bone marrow cells don't mature the way they're supposed to. These immature cells, often called blast cells, just keep building up.

You may hear other names for acute myeloid leukemia. Doctors may call it:

Acute myelocytic leukemia

Acute myelogenous leukemia

Acute granulocytic leukemia

Acute non-lymphocytic leukemia

Without treatment, AML can quickly be fatal. Because it's "acute," this type of leukemia can spread quickly to the blood and to other parts of the body such as the following organs:

Lymph nodes



Brain and spinal cord


The expected outcome for acute myeloid leukemia depends on certain factors. And of course, prognosis is better if your leukemia responds well to treatment. Your outlook is better if:

You are younger than age 60

You do not have a history of blood disorders or cancers

You do not have certain gene mutations or chromosome changes

Risk Factors for Acute Myeloid Leukemia

If something increases your risk of getting a disease, it's called a risk factor. Risk factors don't tell the whole story. For example, you can have few risk factors and still get a disease or have several and not get it.

Acute myeloid leukemia risk factors include:


Treatment with certain chemotherapy drugs used to treat other cancers, such as mechlorethamine, procarbazine, and chlorambucil -- especially when combined with radiation therapy

Exposure to high doses of radiation

Certain congenital syndromes, such as Down syndrome

Being male

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