- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 12 2017
Can adults get leukemia?
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
What Is Acute Myeloid Leukemia?
Acute myeloid leukemia starts in the bone marrow. This is the soft inner parts of bones. With acute types of leukemia such as AML, bone marrow cells don't mature the way they're supposed to. These immature cells, often called blast cells, just keep building up.
You may hear other names for acute myeloid leukemia. Doctors may call it:
Acute myelocytic leukemia
Acute myelogenous leukemia
Acute granulocytic leukemia
Acute non-lymphocytic leukemia
Without treatment, AML can quickly be fatal. Because it's "acute," this type of leukemia can spread quickly to the blood and to other parts of the body such as the following organs:
Brain and spinal cord
The expected outcome for acute myeloid leukemia depends on certain factors. And of course, prognosis is better if your leukemia responds well to treatment. Your outlook is better if:
You are younger than age 60
You do not have a history of blood disorders or cancers
You do not have certain gene mutations or chromosome changes
Risk Factors for Acute Myeloid Leukemia
If something increases your risk of getting a disease, it's called a risk factor. Risk factors don't tell the whole story. For example, you can have few risk factors and still get a disease or have several and not get it.
Acute myeloid leukemia risk factors include:
Exposure to high doses of radiation
Certain congenital syndromes, such as Down syndrome
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