- by Wipra Clinic for Womens Health
- 5 Shares
- Feb 09 2017
Caesarean section, also known as C-section and other terminologies, is a surgical procedure where one or more incisions are made through a mother's intact abdomen and uterus to deliver one or more babies.
The first modern Caesarean section was performed by German gynecologist Ferdinand Adolf Kehrer in 1881. The typical method for performing a Caesarean section is the Pfannenstiel incision named after Hermann Johannes Pfannenstiel.
A Caesarean section is often performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby's or mother's life or health at risk. Some are also performed upon the patient’s request even in the absence of a medical indication. The World Health Organization however recommends that they should be done based only on medical need.
The maternal and fetal outcomes that occur with C-sections, differ from those that occur with vaginal delivery. Established guidelines recommend that caesarean sections not be performed before 39 weeks unless medically indicated.
In 2012, about 23 million C-sections were done globally. In some countries, C-section procedures are used more frequently than necessary. Consequently, governments and health organizations promote programs to reduce the use of C-section in favour of vaginal delivery.
The International healthcare community has considered the rate of 10% and 15% to be ideal for caesarean sections. Some evidence supports that a higher rate of 19% may result in better outcomes.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.