For Doctors Emergency Care Medikoe LogoDr Specialisation
Book AppointmentHealth HubMedicommunity
Home > Health Hub > Article > Brain Disorders-all you need to know

Brain Disorders-all you need to know

Dr Reginald Varadarajulu Vsm

Dr Reginald Varadarajulu Vsm

  Hbr layout, Bengaluru     Mar 30, 2017

   2 min     


What Are Brain Disorders?

Your body is controlled by the brain; the brain is the control center for your body. It is a part of the nervous system, which also consists of the spinal cord; a large network of nerves, neurons and. The nervous system jointly controls every individual thing from the muscles all over your body to your five senses.

Many different things are affected when your brain is damaged, including your sensation, your memory and to an extent even your personality. Brain disorders include any disabilities or conditions that affect your brain. This includes those disorders that are caused by traumatic injury, illness or genetics.

This is a broad classification of disorders, which differ greatly in severity and symptoms.

What are the different types of Brain Disorders?

Brain Injuries

Brain injuries are frequently caused by blunt trauma. Trauma can damage nerves, brain tissue and neurons. The ability to communicate with the rest of your body is affected if there is any damage to your brain. Examples of brain injuries are:



Cerebral edema, or swelling inside the skull

Contusions or bruising of brain tissue

Blood clots


Examples of the symptoms of a brain injury include:

Problems with concentration

Memory loss



Bleeding from the ear

Speech difficulty



Later, you may develop:

Irregular breathing

Pupil dilation

A low heart rate

High blood pressure

Treatment might include medication, rehabilitation or brain surgery, depending on the kind of injury you have. About 50% of people with serious brain injuries require surgery to relieve pressure or to repair or remove damaged tissue. Individuals with minor brain injuries may not require any treatment above pain medication.

Several people with brain injuries may require rehabilitation. This can include speech and language therapy, psychiatry and physical therapy.

More about Concussions:

Brain Tumors

Occasionally, tumors form in the brain and can be very hazardous. These are known as primary brain tumors. Cancer in your body spreads to your brain in other cases. These are known as metastatic or secondary brain tumors.

Brain tumors can either be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Physicians classify brain tumors as grades 1, 2, 3, or 4. Higher grades signify more aggressive tumors. The root cause of brain tumors is largely unrevealed. They can arise in people of any age.

Symptoms of brain tumors based on the location and size of the tumor. The most frequent symptoms of brain tumors are:

          Changes in your hearing, speech, or vision

          Difficulty with movement or balance

          Changes in personality



Numbness or tingling in your arms or legs



The kind of treatment that one would get relies on various factors, such as overall health, your age and the size of the tumor. The prime types of treatment for brain tumors are radiation therapy, chemotherapy (medication) and surgery.

Tags:  Mental Health, ,

Note: We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.

  4 Likes |    0 Comments |    0 Share |    335 Views