Ayurvedic Remedies for Hemorrhoids (Piles)
Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
In the world of Ayurveda, Piles is known as Arsha. It is often described as “arivat pranan shrinoti hinasti iti arshah,” which translates to a disease which tortures the patient’s vital force (prana) as an enemy.
Piles occur due to improper diet or lifestyle habits, as a result of which the body is unable to digest the food properly with proper pace and time leading to accumulation or stagnation of half-digested food material(aama) in the form of stool inside the body. The improperly digested food is then expelled from the body before time. This causes discomfort in the anorectal region or cause a disturbance in the dosha of that region.
A person with piles has a fleshy mass appears in the anal region due to varicosity of veins. The mass could be of varying size, shape or colour.
Piles can either be genetic or acquired. Unfortunately, there is no cure for the piles acquired genetically, but it can be managed using medications.
The acquired pile is further classified into two types, dry piles that do not bleed or exudating piles that bleeds.
In Ayurveda, the treatment plan for piles is set based on the type of piles, that is Shushkarsh (Dry piles) and sravi Arsh (exudating piles).
Symptoms of Piles
Both types of piles have the following symptoms.
The anal region has fleshy swollen masses of varying sizes
Obstruction in the passage of gases
Hurts in the anal region during defecation
There is one main difference between the dry and exudating piles. When a person has shushkarsha, it doesn’t generally bleed in the anal region. It is caused due to the dominance in the kapha and vata dosha.
The exudation piles are also known as the Sravi Arsha or Raktarsha. This typically occurs due to an increase in the pitta and Rakta. Patients with raktarsha can observe streaks of bright, red, blood in their stools. And in severe cases, the bleeding may be excessive causing anaemia.
Remedies of Piles
Ayurveda has few home remedies to combat the symptoms of piles.
In the case of Shushkarsha ( Dry Piles), some of the common home remedies include,
Adding a gram of powdered root of the chitraka plant (Plumbago zeylanica), also known as Ceylon leadwort, doctor bush or wild leadwort, to 200 ml glass of buttermilk. The patient has to consume this mixture twice a day.
Add a gram of the fruit of the Yavani- Ajwain (Ptychotis ajowan), and a gram of black salt to buttermilk. This has to be taken twice a day.
Another solution includes soaking the Fruit rind of Haritaki-Harad, commonly known as chebulic myrobalan (Terminalia chebula), in cow’s urine overnight. This rind has to be consumed with jaggery, twice a day.
Pterocarpus santalinus or commonly known as the red sandalwood has to bed added to water and then filtered using a thin cloth. This solution also has to be taken twice a day.
The powdered fruit pulp of the Bengal Quince (Aegle marmelos), dried ginger(Zingiber officinale) after its processing with the help of lime water, and the root of the leadwort (Plumbago zeylanica) is to be added in equal parts with buttermilk. This solution has to be consumed twice a day.
The tuber of the elephant’s foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius) is to be encased in wet soil, which will then be heated until the wet soil turns red in colour. The yam is then taken out of the soil casing and powdered. 12-25 grams of the powdered yam is mixed with 6-12 ml of mustard oil and 1 gram of common salt, and this infusion has to be taken twice a day.
Ayurvedic doctors also prescribe certain medications. These are usually herbal pills that are to be swallowed with water.
In case of irritation and pain in the anal region, apply the Lepa paste, which is prepared using the leaves of the cannabis plant.
To manage Sravi Arsha (exudating piles), the patient can concoct the following home remedies.
14 ml of juice pomegranate (Punica granatum) juice to which 5 to 10 grams of sugar is added. This mixture is to be taken twice a day.
1- 3 grams of powdered chebulic myrobalan (Terminalia chebula) is mixed with 50 ml of warm water and taken twice a day.
12 grams of the red, hard outer skin of the pomegranate is mixed with an equal amount of sugar; to be taken twice a day.
5 grams of lotus stamen taken with 5 grams of butter in the morning.
Stir the cream of curd with a teacup of water and have it once a day.
1- 2 grams of the powdered fruit pulp of the Bengal Quince (Aegle marmelos), and 1 gram of dried ginger(Zingiber officinale) is added to 50 ml of water; to be consumed twice a day.
6 grams of the powdered stamen of the flower from the Ceylon Ironwood Tree (Mesua ferrea) is mixed with 25 grams of butter and 1 gram of raw sugar. This mixture is to be taken once a day.
25 gram of the root of the prickly chaff (Achyranthes aspera) is added to the water that remains after washing rice. To this mixture, add 1 gram of powdered asparagus root and 250 ml of goat’s milk. This concoction is to be taken twice a day.
There are a lot of ayurvedic medications for raktarsha. Most of these are pills made of herbs and other natural elements, which is to be taken with water.
To relieve the patient from the pain in discomfort in the anal region, the following pastes and applications can be applied.
Green vitriol oil, called the Kāsīsādi Taila, is to be applied in the anal region after defecation to avoid pain and irritation.
Powdered cannabis leaves and turmeric powder are tied into a hot bag and placed at the anal region and given fomentation.
A paste is prepared using mustard oil, the rhizome of turmeric plan and the fruit of Katukarohini (Picrorhiza kurroa). This paste is then applied to the anus.
Dos and Don’ts of Piles
While suffering from piles, consuming the following could help you feel better.
Different types of rice
The leaf and fruit of the sponge gourd
The tuber of the elephant’s foot yam
Leaf of the Nettle-leaved Goosefoot (Chenopodiastrum murale)
The fruit rind of the Indian gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica)
Avoid consuming the following when you're suffering from piles.
Black phaseolus beans
Food items that were prepared after being ground using a grinding stone
Food that is hard to digest, fried, or something that could cause constipation
The patient also has to keep the body away from heat; avoid the sun, hot water baths, riding, etc. Another thing that every patient should keep in mind is that the patient must not hold back when he or she has an urge to urinate or defecate.
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