ADHD- Hyperactive Child Syndrome
Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
Sometimes your child is super active and sometimes calm than usual?
Your child finds it hard to pay attention?
Does your child feel the need to move constantly during times when he shouldn't?
Is your child continually interrupting others?
If your answers are yes, it could be a sign of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
What is ADHD?
ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is a mental health disorder that makes child hard to concentrate and control impulsive behaviour. A child with ADHD has some different brain activity that affects to pay attention or control himself. It has an impact on the affected child's future when it comes to their academics, social life, and relationships. It is a complex condition and doctors evaluate many criteria during diagnosis. It is not just a childhood disorder; it can continuously affect you in adolescence and adulthood.
Causes of ADHD
According to the researchers of NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health), it can be because of genes, non- environmental or non- a genetic disorder. It's not clear what are the reasons behind the difference of brain of ADHD. But there are strong evidence of inheritance; if parents or relatives have ADHD, it is possible to get inherited. And, also some other reasons can be:
- Smoking cigarettes, poor nutrition, drinking alcohol or drug use during pregnancy
- Exposure to environmental toxins, like a high level of lead
- Brain Injuries
Note: ADHD isn't caused by too much ultrasound, watching too much television, food allergies, eating sugar or poor parenting.
Signs of ADHD
Kids with ADHD are divided into three signs, but a child can have symptoms of first, second or third, or any two, or any three.
- Hyperactive- They find it hard to stay quiet or trouble sitting still when needed. Your child starts jumping, laughing when they shouldn't. Without any intention, they start disrupting others.
- Inattentive- They easily get distracted due to lack of concentration and focus. They may not listen to very important information, miss directions and not finish work they started.
- Impulsive- They act quickly without thinking and too unexpected things like they often interrupt, might push or grab, and find it hard to wait.
Symptoms of ADHD
Although the symptoms may vary, there are certain common signs:
- They are more selfish and self-centred with little care for other's needs and desires.
- This behaviour also makes them interrupt someone or butt into other people's conversations.
- Additionally, they have trouble waiting. During activities in class, they can't wait their turn.
- Temper tantrums and are unable to keep their emotions under control and have random outbursts.
- Tend to be overly fidgety and find it challenging to stay in one place.
- The kids find it difficult to engage in activities quietly or calmly.
- They show interest in a variety of things, start it off but never complete it as they find a different thing that interests them.
- Short attention span and lack of focus which makes them incapable of repeating things they hear.
- Poor academic performance as they often space out or don't do the work assigned to them.
Diagnosis of ADHD
No blood test or screening is present to find ADHD, but some verbal sessions or questionnaire can be done to find out with both child and parents.
- They can ask about the history of diseases child had
- History of family health
- Activities of a child at school, home and social situations
Treatment of ADHD
- Behavioural Therapy- Children with ADHD disrupt others with their behaviour. Behavioural therapy is the treatment of reducing such action in a child. It is good to start giving behavioural therapy right after diagnosis. With the help of this, a child can control unwanted and problematic behaviour and strengthens their positive response.
- Medications- Medications can affect your child differently. And, also one child can respond well to one medicine but not to another. Doctors may need to find out the right doses and drugs according to a child; parents have to watch and work with children to see which medicine is working or not.
- Social Skills Training & School Support- It can help a child to improve his social skills, in which school teacher's support is required. They can make a healthy atmosphere around the child to learn and grow.
Prevention of ADHD
To reduce your child's risk of ADHD
- Protect your child from the significant exposure of pollution and toxins
- While pregnancy, avoid anything that can harm fetus like smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and other drugs
Know About Some More Related Conditions With ADHD
ADHD can trigger several related problems or conditions. In which most common one is depression. Several others are-
- Personality Disorder- Personality depends on the person's way of thinking, feeling and behaviour towards others which makes each of us different. And, a personality disorder is when a person's way of thinking, mood and behaviour deviates from society culture and healthy behaviour.
- Bipolar Disorder- It is also a kind of mental illness, which causes extreme shifts in mood. And, includes depression some times. People with bipolar disorder find it hard to manage daily work life.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)- OCD is a common and long-lasting disorder, in which a person has uncontrollable reoccurring thoughts (obsession), habits and behaviour (compulsion). Where a person feels an urge to repeat same task again and again.
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