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A Perfect Diet Plan for Typhoid

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 24, 2021

   8 min     

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What is typhoid fever?

Typhoid Fever is an intestinal disorder. It is mainly caused by a strain of bacteria known as Salmonella typhi. The fever spreads through contaminated food and water or close contact with someone infected, causing high fever, abdominal pain, headache, and either constipation or diarrhoea.

Most of the people who anyhow suffer from typhoid fever go for an antibiotic treatment which makes them feel better within a few days, although a small number of them may die of complications. 

Vaccines are available to fight against typhoid fever, but they're only partially effective. Vaccines are usually recommended for those who may be exposed to the disease or are travelling to high-risk areas for getting typhoid fever.

Gastrointestinal discomforts, low appetite and nausea are very common for typhoid patient. So it is good to take meals at small intervals, it helps your body to keep energetic and make able to fight bacteria. Try to increase protein intake and to avoid food which is high in fat & fibre and eat foods which are easy to digest.

What are the Symptoms of Typhoid Fever?

The symptoms which a patient can experience as per the side effects of typhoid fever are listed below:

Early signs of sickness:

  • High temperature

  • Headache

  • Stomach ache

  • Constipation

  • Muscle pain

  • Weakness

  • Loss of appetite

  • Rashes on neck or abdomen

  • Dry cough 

Later sickness:

Later sickness or illness are seen if the patient does not receive any treatment, for some reasons.

  • The patient may become delirious.

  • He goes into a typhoid state where he lies motionless and exhausted with the eyes half-closed.

  • He might experience life-threatening complications.

What are the Causes of Typhoid?

The bacteria salmonella typhi causes typhoid fever which is spread through contaminated food, drinking water and poor sanitation. The majority of people in industrialized countries are infected by the typhoid bacteria while travelling where typhoid is a common disease and spread it to others through the faecal-oral transmission route. 

The bacteria can pass in the faeces and sometimes in the urine of those infected people. The people can also be affected if he eats the food handled by someone who has already the typhoid fever, and who hasn’t washed his hands properly after using the toilet. 

There are other small numbers of people who have chronic typhoid carriers that continue to retain the bacteria into their intestinal tracts or gallbladder for a period. Even after the treatment, and without any signs of disease in themselves, they are capable of infecting other people. 

How Long Does Typhoid Fever Last?

Typhoid fever usually lasts between seven and fourteen days, but can be as short as three days, or may extend to thirty days. If the disease is left untreated, the sickness usually will last for three to four weeks. In a few cases, it may be longer than four weeks. Also, the symptoms may vary from mild to severe and life-threatening

How to Prevent Typhoid Fever?

  • The vaccination is preferred to those people who are travelling to typhoid occupied zones. Safe drinking, improved sanitation and adequate medical treatment are necessary to control the symptoms.

  • Avoiding the consumption of untreated water.

  • Avoiding raw fruits and vegetables because that might have been washed in unsafe water.

  • Avoiding stored or room temperature served food instead of taking steaming foods.

  • Washing hands thoroughly to help others from not getting infected.

What meal should be given to a typhoid patient?

A diet plan plays a crucial role in recovery, and it strengthens your immune system to fight against bacteria.

Typhoid Fever Diet Plan 

A perfect diet for dealing with typhoid fever is one which has small and frequent meals in it. The feed should contain foods that are high in protein, soft, bland, easily digestible and low in fibre and fat as well.  

  • A person suffering from typhoid must have only fresh fruit juice and lemon water for a few days. 

  • The liquid diet is recommended for a few days and then start taking fruits like bananas, watermelons, grapes, and peaches gradually. 

  • A patient can also take coconut water, barley water, electrolyte fortified water, fresh fruit juice, tomato soup, vegetable juice, buttermilk, and water. 

  • Try to avoid solid food unless you feel starving.

  • When the appetite gets better, starts taking semi-solid food such as boiled rice, baked potato, soft-boiled or poached eggs, baked apple, yoghurt, vegetable soup.

Foods to be avoided during Typhoid

Typhoid affects digestive system due to diarrhoea, so it is better not to take insoluble fibre including skins and seeds of fruits and vegetables.

  • Eggs: As it contains fat and could affect your weak digestive system.

  • Meat: They contain more carbohydrate and liver needs to produce more bile to digest these foods.

  • Spicy food: It is not suitable for the digestive system and could make typhoid worst.

  • Fried food: It has a terrible effect on the liver and digestive system.

  • Clarified butter: It is very hard to digest; hence, not advisable.

Answers to most expected questions from a person suffering typhoid fever

Here, we will answer the most common confusion people face with Typhoid-

Which fruit is beneficial for Typhoid?

ANS: Bananas, avocados, and oranges are the best choices, but peel them by yourself. You may go for watermelons, grapes and peaches. It will help to improve the immune system and also help to flush out harmful toxins.

Which fruits should I avoid during a Typhoid fever?

ANS: Fruits that can’t be peeled are recommended to avoid during typhoid fever.

Can we eat non-vegetarian food after Typhoid?

ANS: It is better to avoid non-vegetarian food for some days as they are tough to digest and can aggravate some digestive problems. You can consult your doctor, as in some cases the patients may be told to have moderate poultry meats, thick broths etc. as they provide proteins and replaces lost electrolytes and minerals.

Should we eat fish when we have Typhoid?

ANS: Fried or hard flesh can harm you significantly as during typhoid you need easy digestion. You can have hard-boiled fish in your meal if you want it.

Can I eat rice during Typhoid?

ANS: Yes, you can have soft boiled rice or merely a mung dal khichdi, but without tadka.

Do fevers cause weight loss?

ANS: Yes, because people usually avoid eating food due to lack of taste as such lack of intake of calories causes weight loss.

What should do for muscle pain in Typhoid?

ANS: Good hydration and having fresh juices with a healthy diet can reduce your muscle pain.

Why am I having stomach pains, after recovering from typhoid?

ANS: It is generally seen to have abdominal pains persisting even after recovering from typhoid. Nothing to worry about it, it will take some to recover fully from the disease.

How many days does it take to cure Typhoid?

ANS: The improvement is usually between one to two days with appropriate antibiotic therapy and full recovery within seven to ten days. But it may take more than ten days for some.

Why does Jaundice occur with Typhoid?

ANS:  It may be due to delayed or missed diagnosis of typhoid fever, over the counter treatment as it manifests non-specifically initially and lack of healthcare facilities. 

How can we gain weight after jaundice?

ANS: You can follow a balanced healthy diet of fresh vegetables, salads, wholemeal, baked potato, buttermilk, coconut milk, fresh fruit juices. Fatty foods but with a minimum amount.

Can a typhoid patient gain weight?

ANS: Once you are in your recovery stage, you can gain weight with a slow increase in your food intake.

Does hair fall occur after typhoid?

ANS: Yes, hair fall is typical at the time of typhoid as there may be a problem of the intestinal tract during the disease due to which essential vitamins like Biotin that are responsible for the hair growth and thickness of the hairs are lost. It is recommended that you should consume the multivitamin tablet after typhoid. 

I am suffering from typhoid, can I feed my baby?

ANS: Yes, you can, as typhoid is not spread through breastfeeding.

Is it safe for someone with typhoid fever to drink alcohol?

ANS: No, it is not advised to take alcohol for at least three months.

Why can’t I eat mango when I have typhoid?

ANS: Typhoid turns the body with overheat and eating mangoes can provoke to this overheating and let the fever stay for more days. Hence, it is advised to be avoided.

If we eat ragi malt, can we reduce our weight?

ANS: Ragi contains less natural fat content than other cereals like wheat and rice so that it can be a good option for weight loss. It also contains amino acids which help in reducing appetite.

What medicines to take for typhoid and when?

ANS: Antibiotics are generally given to typhoid patients. When you feel any discomfort in your body and start experiencing the symptoms, doctor consultation is highly recommended.  

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Tags:  Healthy Diet,Typhoid, Food, Diet, Fever

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