50 PSYCHOLOGY FACTS THAT HELP YOU UNDERSTAND LIFE BETTER
Domlur, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
Psychology is a subject that helps us understand the human “psyche”. The science of psychology uses many observable and verifiable qualities and activities performed by various individuals, to form detailed theories and concepts.
Here are 50 psychology facts that will help you understand life better.
1. Seeing the World as a Whole:
This is the Kanizsa illusion. People tend to see a square with disks on its corners. This is not the case. The illusion makes us think so. The figure is just of a few incomplete circles.
This is the concept of human beings trying to see the world as a whole. Instead of looking at things as just individual parts, we try to see the world as the summation of all the parts.
2. Different People Have Different Perspectives:
It is a well-known fact that different people tend to have different perspectives. This may result from:
- The way people have been brought up
- Their cultures or even their peer groups
- The amount of exposure they had as children.
If we try and accept this fact, life would just become more comfortable for us.
3. Women Need More Rest:
A new study has successfully proved that women need at least 30 minutes more sleep than men. This is primarily because; women have more complex brains and thus the ability to multi-task. Though it is rarely the case, women should opt for at least 7:30 hours of sleep every single day to recharge themselves.
4. Culture Influences our Color Perception:
Culture has a significant influence on the way we perceive different colours. Some societies perceive red as an aggressive colour, while to others, it is appealing. Black for English is a colour for mourning, while in some Indian cultures, it is white.
5. You Revise in Your Sleep:
Very often, the doctors advise us to have a sound sleep regularly.
The next time someone gives you the same advice, take it seriously because sleeping gives us the following benefits:
- Proper memory assimilation, to help recall later
- Frees our minds from stress
- Keeps our blood pressure balanced
6. Doing Things You’ve Never done before:
When you are given a task that you’ve never done before, you make up a primary “mental model”. These mental models are formed of your ideas as to how you are going to accomplish a particular task. This stems from your observations of others doing the same task, or your ideas as to what and how an object could be used.
7. You learn better when you teach:
It has been observed in certain studies, that people, who teach a particular concept to others, after they have learned it themselves, can retain and understand the material better. 90% of your memory stems from teaching things to others.
8. Stories help us Process Information Better:
Stories are a great way of catching people’s attention. People are always interested in hearing about another’s adventure or experiences. This generally stems from the inborn human tendency to b curious.
9. Creativity is not proportionate to Intelligence:
Scientists suggest that a basic IQ of 90 to 110 is required for creative activity, but the level of creativity has no particular relationship with the levels of intelligence. A highly intelligent person could have low creativity and vice versa.
10. Intelligence has types:
Intelligence may be of different types, and each type of intelligence is an individual trait, that has very little to do with the others. Intelligence could be musical, kinesthetic, emotional, mathematical, reasoning oriented or even athletic.
11. People see only what they expect to see:
Human beings have the habit of anticipating the next move or planning things. They have preconceived notions about the world, and so it is very much expected that their observations are usually based on what they have already perceived.
12. No two minds can be the same:
Psychology says that no two minds can be the same. It is just not possible. So the next time you hear someone say “You are unique”, believe them.
13. You are more similar to your siblings than you know:
According to psychology, identical twins are 90% similar, fraternal twins are 75% similar, and siblings brought up together are 50-75% similar, while siblings brought up in different places are 25% similar.
14. You learn best by examples:
The best way to learn something is to ask for an example. The moment you are given a similar situation, you learn to join the dots and apply a similar solution to the problem you experience.
15. We are all organized:
No matter what anybody says, science has proven that every human tends to categorize. Some people may follow the conventional rules of categorizing, while others have their methods. Even the unorganized ones can find their stuff usually because they somehow know how their chaos is organized.
16. Group Discussions may not be rational:
It is a human tendency to take more extremist decisions while working in a group. This may be misleading most of the times and lead to people moving away from the topic itself.
17. Leader Can Sway Group Thinking:
A leader is a figure of authority in a group, who are recognized and respected by all members. This enables the leader to sway group thinking, as the members are not only required to listen to him but also feel obliged to do so because he/she portrays the group’s ideals themselves.
18. Gestures aren’t Universal:
It is helpful to remember that not all gestures are universal. While in some places burping at the table may be considered a bad manner, I some cultures, burping is taken as a compliment by the cook.
19. Controlling Facial Muscles Can Help Control your Anger:
Studies have shown that if you don’t frown when you’re angry, you won’t feel the emotion in much intensity.
20. Experiences are more Persuasive than Statistics:
People tend to pay attention and believe you more when you narrate your own experiences rather than quoting statistics.
21. Smells trigger Memories:
Have you ever felt nostalgic, having smelt a familiar smell? Science says that smells trigger memories from your childhood or happy or bad memories.
22. Your dreams are expressions of your subconscious minds:
Only 10% of our mind is conscious. Meanwhile, the subconscious doubts, fears and desires come out in the form of your dreams. Dream Analysis is helpful to find the true meaning of your dreams.
23. A Challenge Can Make You Happier:
A recent survey confirmed that the more challenges people face, the happier they are. It gives us a feeling of having tried and achieved something.
24. People like Pastoral Landscapes:
Hospital patients seem to revive better when they get to look at pastoral scenes instead of brick walls. It triggers an inborn secure feeling of survival with food, water and land available.
25. Extroverts are Happier People:
Extroverts place their feelings out in the open and have little fear of judgment. They thus tend to be happier people, and their many friends are good resources too.
26. Presentation Matters:
Be it a work presentation or your appearance, and the presentation is an essential factor. You should always dress and prepare according to the occasion.
27. Music Makes You Happy:
Music triggers the dopamine hormone, which gives us a pleasurable feeling.
28. More significant the challenge, Stronger the drive:
It is a proven fact that when you are faced with a more significant challenge, your drive to do it and do it better becomes stronger too.
29. The Journey is not always better than the Destination:
Science says that the outcome of an event is usually better than the anticipation of the event itself.
30. Mistakes Aren’t Always Bad:
Making mistakes adds to your experience, and you learn not to repeat them.
31. Grouping Information Helps Learning:
For example, when you try to learn the meaning of the word “humongous”, associate it with a lot of smaller words like “huge”, “large”, “big”, “Hulk”, etc. The more words you associate, the better you can learn.
32. Different People Cope Differently:
Individuals have their coping strategies to deal with problems. Some may succumb to depression, while others can work better under pressure.
33. A Hug Can Lift Your Mood:
Dopamine is released, when you hug or shake hands with someone. This makes you feel good and happy.
34. Behaviour Can Be Shaped:
The Classical and Instrument Conditioning methods in psychology are frequently used for shaping behaviours and learning them too.
35. You learn by Imitation:
This is known as social learning and is one of the earliest forms of learning behaviour.
36. Unexpected Reinforcements Work Best:
When rewards are unexpected, there are better chances of excellent performance the next time.
37. Positive Reinforcements work better:
They show increased work efficiency on application than negative or aversive reinforcements.
38. Regular Breaks help us learn more:
Allegedly, taking regular breaks while trying to memorize some material help us do it faster and more efficiently.
39. Stress Hampers Performance:
When your stress levels are high, you tend to perform lower than your usual efficiency level. This hampers productivity too.
40. People Opt for Shortcuts, only when they’re easy:
Shortcuts are appealing, only if they provide a quick solution in relatively less time. If the shortcuts themselves are usually almost as lengthy as the usual solutions, people tend not to opt for them.
41. You Form a Habit In 66 Days:
On average, it takes us 66 days to form any particular habit, be it good or bad.
42. Larger the No. of Competitors, Lesser the Will to Compete:
When you see that a large number of people have appeared to compete, you instantly calculate a lower probability of winning.
43. Handwritten Mails Speak More:
Handwritten mails have been observed to be more sensitive and truthful than the printed ones.
44. We Need Our Space:
Our personal space consists of an 8” radius around us. We feel irritated when some unwanted person invades it.
45. Our Brain Responds Differently to People We Know:
Our brain usually likes responding to people who have similar tastes and preferences and more to people, we already know.
46. Font Size Matters:
The correct font size promotes or demotes reading. It matters.
47. Even the Idea of Progress is Motivating:
When there is some idea or the prospect of progress, we seem to try and work harder.
48. Titles Are Important:
While presenting a matter in written form, we should always focus on the title. It should be in context to the matter, to promote readability.
49. Intelligence increases with experience:
This is in relation to “Experiential Intelligence”. It refers to the “Street-Smartness” of people.
50. Selective Attention:
We can only attend to things selectively. We usually zone out the things in our environment that we don’t want to focus on.