5 Symptoms Of Breast Cancer Every Woman Should Know
Medikoe Wellness Expert
80 feet road indira nagar, Bengaluru Feb 14, 2017
After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the world. Breast cancer grows out of breast tissue. Cancer occurs when changes called mutations to take place in genes that regulate cell growth. Cancer cells divide more rapidly then healthy cells do and accumulate together and form a lump. The cells may metastasize through your breast to your lymph nodes or some other part of your body. Breast cancer most often begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts. Although many types of breast cancer can cause a lump in the breast, not all do.
Many breast cancers are found on screening mammograms which can detect cancers at an earlier stage, often before they can be felt, and before symptoms develop. Male breast cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men. Though breast cancer is most commonly thought of as a disease that affects women, breast cancer does occur in men. Male breast cancer accounts for fewer than 1% of all cancer diagnoses worldwide. Breast cancer can also affect males differently, as they have a small amount of breast tissue in comparison with females. This can make it easier to detect small lumps, but it also means that cancer has less room to grow within the breast. As a result, it may spread more quickly to nearby tissues.
In its early stages, breast cancer may not cause any symptoms. In many cases, a tumour may be too small to be felt, but an abnormality can still be seen. There could be various reasons behind a woman getting affected by Breast Cancer. Few of them can be smoking, obesity, alcohol consumption, early age menstruation, not conceiving at all and family history. Earlier, breast cancer was a taboo. People were too embarrassed to talk about it which lead to silence about the precautions and cures. Women chose to suffer in pain rather than open about it. After advancement in surgery and increased cases of breast cancer in the country, it became important for the people to be aware of the disease, especially women.
In the early 1940s, campaigns related to awareness for breast cancer started to run. Later, a lot of feminist movements gave rise to Breast Cancer Movements spreading awareness about the disease, symptoms, and treatment.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Following are the symptoms one can experience if affected by this grave disease:
1. Discharge from the nipple
Liquid discharge from the breasts might be a risky sign. The discharge could be a bloodlike or clear liquid. If a mother is not on her lactation period and is still discharging a milky liquid then, it is advisable to visit the doctor. It might or might not be a symptom of breast cancer.
2. Lump in the breasts
Swollen breasts or a clump in the breast, point towards breast cancer. If you have felt that with your breasts, don’t procrastinate and visit the doctor immediately.
3. The difference in the skin texture
Experiencing a change in the skin of the breast to orange peel-like structure and widened pores are major symptoms of having breast cancer.
4. Unexplained change in breasts or nipples
Suspicious swelling, shrinkage, hollowness, anywhere in the breast or nipples is a danger sign. Similarly, scales and redness or sudden asymmetry in the skin of the breast can be a harmful indication.
5. Constant Pain
Continuous aching of the breasts or armpits can be another symptom of breast cancer. Don’t wait for it to grow, visit the doctor.
Treatment to Cure Breast Cancer
Some of the treatments to cure breast cancer are:
- Breast-conserving surgery
- Radiation therapy
- Estrogen hormone therapy
- Targeted therapy
To avoid getting into this serious situation take easy precautionary steps. Keep a check of your weight, follow a regular exercise routine if not that, be physically active. Breastfeeding for mothers can also reduce the chances of having breast cancer; it is advisable to breastfeed for at least one year. Understand the history of your family, if women are found to be often diseased with breast cancer then you are at higher risk, consult a doctor to be aware and sure. Refrain from alcohol consumption. Smokers are likely to get affected by breast cancer, especially if started from an early age. High cholesterol levels and fat consumption are also one of the possible reasons to increase the risk.
While diagnosing, stages of breast cancer are measured in the TNM system. T refers to Tumor and its size, N refers to the tumour reaching to the Lymph Nodes and M in TNM refers to the situation if the tumour has Metastasized or not.
The need of the hour is to be aware, save yourself, your near and dear ones from this difficult situation.
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