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20 Deadly Side effects of consuming Alcohol

Medikoe Wellness Expert

Medikoe Wellness Expert

  80 feet road indira nagar, Bengaluru     Feb 13, 2017

   7 min     



Apart from vomiting, alcohol has many other lesser-known dangerous side effects. These include pancreatitis, shifty eyes, acne, infertility, and much more.

While many people know about the adverse effects of drinking, this knowledge is mainly restricted to hangovers and nausea.

But an increasing number of studies reveal newer adverse effects of drinking, some of which are pretty unsettling.

It is essential to note that these side effects won't happen to everyone when reading this. They depend on the frequency and volume of drinking. Some side-effects only occur with excessive alcohol, but others can occur when drinking in moderation.

Furthermore, it is determined by your body weight. Alcohol tolerance is usually higher in those with higher body weight. In any case, we recommend that you consume with utmost caution.

1. Increased risk of fracture

Drinking makes your bones fragile, which increases the risk of a fracture when you fall. It lowers the maximum strength that growing teenagers' bones can achieve.  When adults drink, the process of replacing mature bone tissue with new bone tissue is disrupted (bone metabolism). This is a side-effect that you should be aware of no matter what stage of life.

2. Lung infections

Alcohol dramatically increases susceptibility to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome or ARDS. ARDS's warning signs include severe shortness of breath, laboured and unusually rapid breathing, confusion, low blood pressure, and extreme tiredness. Analyses like this one illustrate the seriousness of alcohol's impact on the respiratory system and the biological mechanism that explains this impact. You're more likely to have pneumonia and acute lung injury if you drink.

3. Pancreatitis

This is pancreatic inflammation: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, and other common symptoms. When the inflammation is just transient, the disease is acute. Chronic pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas is inflamed for an extended period.Chronic pancreatitis raises your risk of developing other diseases and ailments, such as type 2 diabetes and cancer. Therefore, this is a severe adverse effect of alcohol consumption.

4. Greater risk of Type 2 Diabetes

 Consuming excess alcohol lowers your body's insulin sensitivity, increasing your risk of type 2 diabetes. Symptoms are pretty well-known and range from fatigue and blurred vision to feeling thirsty more often.It also reduces blood clotting time, affecting how quickly cuts and bruises heal. However, one should note that this increased risk is only valid for heavy drinkers.

5. Loss of coordination

This is a lot more dangerous than most people understand. According to a study, alcohol disrupts the connection between the visual and motor centres of the brain, which is why people lose coordination under its influence. Muscle movements slow down, the control appears to be lost, and so forth.

6. Blackouts

If you drank a lot of alcohol the night before, you're probably not going to remember much of it. This is because alcohol impairs your ability to build long-term memories, leaving you with intervals where you don't know what you're doing. Blackout is the term for these memory lapses.

7. Shifty eyes

Your eyes may appear 'shifty' or restless as the amount of alcohol in your system rises. This syndrome, known scientifically as Positional Alcohol Nystagmus (PAN), develops when alcohol impairs your sense of balance. PAN comes in two varieties:

  1. PAN I: This describes the condition when the alcohol level is still rising in your blood. That is when you're still drinking.

  2. PAN II: This is for the hangover stage – where people's eyes can still be noticeably shifty.

8. Hepatitis

Drinking can induce liver inflammation, appearing as alcoholic hepatitis. This occurs due to the toxic compounds released by alcohol as it is processed in the liver.The severity of the case determines the symptoms. Increased belly size, yellow skin and eyes, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms are among them.

9. Fatigue

Alcohol dehydrates you while depriving you of a restful night's sleep. It raises the risk of chronic insomnia and sleep apnea considerably. It accomplishes this in two ways: The stress hormone epinephrine is released into your bloodstream. The body is constantly weary when stress hormone levels are high.

  1. Alcohol is a diuretic, which means it causes your body to lose water. Sleep is disrupted by an uneasy bladder, which makes it less restful.

  2. The stress hormone 'epinephrine' is released into your bloodstream. The body is constantly weary when stress hormone levels are high.

10. Lowering body temperature

Contrary to popular belief, drinking alcohol when it's chilly won't help prevent hypothermia or increase your body temperature. Alcohol acts as a vasodilator, causing your body to lose more heat. This means that even if you think the alcohol is warming you up, a single drink can drop your body's core temperature.

11. Damage to the heart

While occasional drinking may not harm your heart, doing so in excess might be extremely hazardous. It raises the risk of:

  • Cardiomyopathy: A chronic heart condition in which the heart muscle becomes abnormally thickened and stiff.

  • High blood pressure or hypertension: Hypertension is a condition in which your blood pressure against your arterial walls gets dangerously high.

  • Cardiac arrhythmia: A terminology used to describe a condition in which your heartbeat is abnormally fast, sluggish, or irregular.

  • Sudden cardiac death: An untimely death from cardiac causes in a person with known or unknown heart disease within a short period (usually within 1 hour of symptom onset).

12. Cancer

According to Studies, even moderate alcohol intake has been proven to raise the risk of breast, liver, skin, prostate, liver, and other types of cancer. In general, after one daily drink for women and two daily drinks for males, these hazards become significant. This, too, is determined by body size and tolerance.

13. Pain and tingling in the limbs

 This is also known as alcohol neuropathy and is supposed to occur due to excessive alcohol drinking. Numbness in the arms and legs, odd sensations such as 'pins and needles,' discomfort in the limbs, weakness, cramps, pains, muscular spasms, and other symptoms can occur.

14. Depression

While popular culture portrays depressed people seeking consolation in alcohol, the truth is that alcohol worsens depression. Alcohol is classified as depressive because it lowers arousal and excitability. This indicates that alcohol might cause depressive feelings in addition to irritating them.

15. Stomach aches and diarrhoea

 Simply put, alcohol irritates your digestive system. Even a little alcohol makes your stomach create more acid than usual, which could cause gastritis (the irritation of the stomach lining). This generates vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhoea, leading to bleeding in heavy drinkers.

16. Infertility

Alcohol reduces libido and causes impotence. It causes infertility in both men and women. Especially for pregnant women, consuming alcohol can significantly increase the chances of congenital disabilities in the baby, resulting in fetal alcohol syndrome.

17. Depression of the immune system

 Extreme alcohol intake can harm the body's immune system in 2 ways. First, it could produce an overall nutritional deficiency, snatching the body of its precious nutrients, which enhance the immune system.Second, alcohol consumed in excess can reduce the ability of white cells to kill germs. Together, these two factors leave the drinker at a higher risk of contracting any disease due to a weakened immune system.

18. Malnutrition

 For chronic alcoholics, malnutrition is a severe problem. Studies show that not only is ethanol a much poorer source of calorific energy, but the continued consumption of alcohol starves the body of protein, fats, and other valuable nutrients.

19. Acne and zits

Alcohol suppresses your immune response, which means more bacteria remain on your face. These bacteria get to work, and by the time you wake up the following day, you might have acne and zits on your face.

20. Sexual dysfunction

Alcohol is a depressant, and using it heavily can dampen the mood, decrease sexual desire. This is just one of the numerous studies conducted on the subject, showing a clear correlation. More than 70% of the people studied had one or more forms of sexual dysfunction in that study.

These are some of the dangerous side-effects of alcohol, which are unknown to many. Spreading the information can help people protect themselves, so share it with your friends and family.

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Tags:  Liver, hepatitis, Heart, Heart diseases, Sleeping Disorders, Nutrition, depression, cancer, Cardiovascular Endurance,infertility

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